14. Biomedical Engineering and Sleep: Sleeping on an Underestimated Problem. (PM)

Organizers:  Arturo Forner-Cordero, Thomas Penzel, Michael Khoo

Sleep is a complex physiological function that should be addressed from different perspectives. Sleep deprivation affects negatively several functions, including cognition or motor control and it is a risk factor for several disorders. The goal of this workshop is to offer an overview of the topic to attract the interest from professionals of different areas that do not consider the importance of sleep restriction in daily performance of people, e.g. rehabilitation patients during physical therapy. The workshop is structured around the major areas as follows:

  • Sleep monitoring and sensing: Goals and Protocols
  • Controlled environments: Hospital, Laboratory
  • Uncontrolled environments
  • Time-restricted measurements (<2 days)
  • Chronic measurements of sleep (>1week)
  • The Uncertainty Principle in sleep assessment. Sleep data processing.
  • Quality, quantity and rhythm
  • Detection of pathologies. Sleep and human performance. Models.
  • Breathing and Cardiovascular Function
  • Cognition
  • Disease
  • Motor control

List of Speakers

Thomas Penzel, Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Germany.

Methodologies to assess chronically sleep disorders and its influence on breathing and the cardiovascular system.

Thomas Penzel has been Director of Research of the Interdisciplinary Sleep Medicine Centre at the Charité University Hospital, Berlin, Germany since 2006. He studied physics, human biology, physiology and medical informatics at the University Marburg, Göttingen and FU Berlin, Germany. In 2001, he received the Bial Award in Clinical Medicine in Portugal, in 2008 the Bill Gruen Award for Innovations in Sleep Research by the American Sleep Research Society, and in 2012 the Somnus Award by the Sleep magazine in Germany. In 2014 he received an award by the Chinese Sleep Research Society. He is the chair of the Sleep Medicine Committee of the ESRS. He is the secretary of the German Sleep Society, the treasurer of the World Association of Sleep Medicine, the editor of the journal Sleep and Breathing. He published more than 200 papers on sleep research and sleep medicine with a focus on methodology, sleep disordered breathing and the cardiovascular system during sleep.

Christoph Schoebel. Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Germany

Sleep and the heart

Dr. Christoph Schoebel works at the Interdisciplinary Sleep Medicine Centre at the Charité University Hospital, Berlin, Germany since 2009 where he combines research and clinical practice, acting as a medical specialist in Internal Medicine, Sleep Medicine and Hypertensiology.  He collaborates with Dr Penzel in recent research:

Penzel T, Kantelhardt JW, Bartsch RP, Riedl M, Kraemer JF, Wessel N, Garcia C, Glos M, Fietze I, Schöbel C;Modulations of Heart Rate, ECG and Cardio-Respiratory Coupling observed in Polysomnography. Front Physiol. 2016 Oct; 7:460.

Penzel T, Schobel C, Glos M, Schwarz L, Prochnow L, Fietze I. Development of methods for sleep disordered breathing to identify phenotypes. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2017:1764-1767

Glos M, Sabil A, Jelavic KS, Schöbel C, Fietze I, Penzel T. Characterization of Respiratory Events in Obstructive Sleep Apnea Using Suprasternal Pressure Monitoring. J Clin Sleep Med. 2018 Feb.

Michael Chee-Kuan Khoo, USC Viterbi School of Engineering. University of Southern California, USA

Modelling the link between sleep disorders and other physiological disorders

Dr. Michael Khoo is Professor of Biomedical Engineering and Pediatrics. He earned his undergraduate degree in mechanical engineering at the Imperial College of Science and Technology, University of London. He obtained his MS and PhD degrees in bioengineering from Harvard University. Following a couple of years of postdoctoral work, he joined the faculty of the University of Southern California in 1983. He served as Department Chair of Biomedical Engineering and Co-Director of Education and Outreach for the USC Biomimetic Microelectronic Systems Engineering Research Center from 2003 to 2010. Dr. Khoo is a Fellow of the Biomedical Engineering Society, the American Institute of Medical and Biological Engineering, IEEE, and most recently, the International Academy of Medical and Biological Engineering. He is a member of the American Physiological Society, Sleep Research Society, American Heart Association, and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He was a member of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBS) Administrative Committee and Chair of the 2012 EMBS International Conference. He is currently Vice-President for Conferences of the EMBS. His main research interests include cardiorespiratory control in sleep disorders, autonomic control in sickle cell disease, and physiological modeling.

A. Forner-Cordero. Biomechatronics Laboratory. Department of Mechatronics in the Escola Politecnica of the University of São Paulo. Sao Paulo, Brazil

Chronic sleep restriction and motor control. Should we worry?

Prof Arturo Forner Cordero is Associate Professor at the Department of Mechatronics Engineering and Mechanical Systems of the Polytechnic School of the University of São Paulo. He is the Head of the Biomechatronics Laboratory of the same Department. He was educated in Electrical Engineering (MSc, Universidad Politécnica de Valencia), PhD in Biomechanical Engineering (Twente University) and Post-Doc at the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven. He is member of the Steering Committee of the EMBS Journal of Translational Engineering in Health and Medicine and vice-chairman of the technical committee on biorobotics. He is member of the Advisory Committee of the IEEE BioRob conference and was the Chairman of the BioRob2014. His lines of activity in research and technological development range from the Biomechanics and Motor Control of human movement to the development of upper and lower limb exoskeletons and biped robots. Currently, coordinates several projects for the study of motor control, including sleep influence on motor performance and exoskeleton development for upper and lower limbs with national (Brazil) and international funding.