8. Advances in Embodied-Brain Systems Science and rehabilitation (AM)

Organizer:  Shiro Yano,  Qi An, Toshiyuki Kondo

For the realization of the adaptive motor control, e.g. upper limb control under the various unknown environments, the ability to generate the motor commands from the positional relationship between one’s body parts and environments is required. Especially, some kind of the internal models would be necessary for achieving the snap decision about that. We call the internal model as the body-representation. Understanding the learning-relearning process of the body-representation plays key role to establish a new effective neurorehabilitation methods. We tackle this problem by integrating theoretical, biological and clinical approaches. For example, we identify biomarkers that reflect changes of the representation with biological approach. We create novel mathematical models and employ statistical approaches with systems-engineering approach. We quantify the rehabilitative effects of proposed neurorehabilitation methods with clinical approach. The workshop consists of the advanced researches from the ongoing interdisciplinary research program ’’Understanding brain plasticity on body representations to promote their adaptive functions’’ funded as a grant-in-aid for scientific research on innovative areas (FY2014-2018, PI: Prof. Ota) by MEXT, Japan. In the program, researchers from neuroscience, rehabilitation medicine and systems engineering are collaborating to create a new academic discipline that is known as embodied-brain systems science. The target patients in this workshop would have both neurological and psychiatric disorders. We are especially focusing bodily self-consciousness (senses of body ownership and agency) and muscle synergies, which should be influenced by the body representations. We also invite some non-member speakers, who are approaching related problems, and discuss about related research topics.

List of Speakers

Prof. Toshiyuki Kondo, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology

Title:Embodied-brain systems science: achievements and future prospects

Prof. Toshiyuki Kondo received his B.S., M.S., and Ph.D. degrees from Nagoya University in 1995, 1997, and 1999. He is currently a full professor at Dept. of Computer and Information Sciences, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology (TUAT). His research interests concern human motor learning, BCI/VR/robotic neurorehabilitation, and computational model of adaptive learning systems.

Dr. Yoshikatsu Hayashi, University of Reading

Title: Anticipation synchronisation, its mechanism and application to coordinate the body motion

Dr. Hayashi is currently a lecturer in Biomedical Engineering, School of Biological Sciences. He was awarded a PhD in statistical physics from Lund University, Sweden in 2004, and BSc in molecular biology from Tokyo University in 1999.

Dr. Max Ortiz-Catalan, Chalmers University of Technology

Title: Theories and treatments of phantom limb pain

Dr. Max Ortiz Catalán is an Associate Professor at the Biomed. Signals and Sys. research unit, Chalmers Univ. of Tech. His research interests include bioelectric signals acquisition electronics; signal processing and artificial intel. algorithms for pattern recognition and control; neuromuscular interfaces; bone-anchored prostheses and osseointegration; and, virtual and augmented reality for neuromuscular rehab. and the treatment of phantom limb pain. He has won several academic and industrial awards such as the “European Youth Award” by the European Council; the “Young Scientist Forum Scholarship” by GöteborgBio, Sweden; and the “You Can Make a Difference Award” by one of the world’s largest transnational companies.

Dr. Wen Wen, University of College London & The University of Tokyo, and Prof. Patrick Haggard, University of College London

Title: “Me or not me” – Categorical perception and sense of control in humans

Dr. Wen Wen received her Ph.D. in Psychology from the University of Tokyo. She worked as a postdoc researcher at Keio University, the University of Tokyo, and University College London. Her research focuses on the subjective feeling of control during voluntary actions, particularly on its core cognitive mechanism and consequences.

Dr. Qi An, The University of Tokyo

Title: Muscle Analysis of Human Standing-up Motion –Understanding, Diagnosis and Rehabilitation–

Dr. An received B.S., M.S., and Ph.D degrees from Dept. Precision Eng., The Univ. of Tokyo in 2008, 2011, and 2014. From 2015 to present, he is an Assistant Prof. at The Univ. of Tokyo. His research interest is rehabilitation robotics, biomechanics, and motor control theory.

Prof. Yukari Ohki, Kyorin University School of Medicine

Title: Sense of body ownership and EEG activities

Prof. Ohki received B.H.Sc., M.S. and Ph.D. degrees from the Faculty of Medicine, the University of Tokyo in 1984, 1986, and 1990. She is a full Professor at Department of Integrative Physiology from 2012. From 1994 to 1996, she was a guest researcher at Department of Integrative Medical Biology in Umea University, Sweden.

Prof. Mitsuhiro Hayashibe, Tohoku University

Evoked Electromyographically Controlled Stimulation and Stimulation-Evoked Motor Learning

Prof. Mitsuhiro Hayashibe is a Professor at the Dept. Robotics, Tohoku University, Japan, and founder of the Neuro-Robotics Lab within the same institution. He is co-chair of IEEE Robotics and Automation Society Technical Committee on Human Movement Understanding. He was awarded with the 15th Annual Delsys Prize 2017 for Innovation in Electromyography from De Luca Foundation, USA.

Prof. Keisuke Shima, Yokohama National University

Title: TBA

Prof. Keisuke Shima is currently an associate professor at the Division of Intelligent Systems Engineering, Yokohama National University, Japan. He received the Ph. D degree in Division of Engineering, Hiroshima University in 2009.

Dr. Kahori Kita, Chiba University

The pathophysiology of focal task-specific dystonia – An imaging study

Dr. Kita is currently an Assistant Professor in the Center for Frontier Medical Engineering, Chiba University. She received the Ph.D. degrees in precision engineering from the University of Tokyo in 2009. Her research interests include investigating neural basis of movement disorders and developing novel rehabilitation systems.

Prof. Tetsuro Funato, The University of Electro-Communications, and Prof. Dr. Arito Yozu, Ibaraki Prefectural University of Health Sciences

Muscle synergy analysis of upper limb movements for evaluating motor recovery after stroke

Dr. Tetsuro Funato received Ph.D. degree from the Dept. Mech. and Control Eng., Tokyo Inst. Tech. in 2008. Since 2013, he has been an Assistant Prof. in the Dept. Mech. Eng. and Intel. Sys., The Univ. Electro-Communications. His specialty includes control and biomechanics.

Dr. Arito Yozu received Ph.D. in Medicine from The Univ. of Tokyo. Now, he is an Associate Prof. in the Dept. of Rehab. Medicine, Ibaraki Prefectural Univ. of Health Sciences. He is certified as specialists of the Japanese rehabilitation society and Japanese pediatric society.

Dr. Yuri Ivanenko, Fondazione Santa Lucia

Multi-muscle coordination in human locomotion

He received a combined B.S. and M.S. degrees in Biophysics from Moscow Physics and Technology Institute in 1982 and then PhD in 1987 at the same Institute. He was a lecturer in biophysics and biochemistry at Ryazan Medical Institute (Russia) in 1986-1991. In 1991, he joined the Motor Control Laboratory headed by Prof. Victor Gurfinkel at the Institute for Information Transmission Problems, Russian Academy of Sciences (Moscow), where he studied the mechanisms of muscle contraction and human posture control. In 1995-98, a researcher in the laboratory of Prof. Berthoz at the Collège de France in Paris, where he studied various aspects of motion perception and multi-sensory interaction and since 1998 he has been working in the Department of Neuromotor Physiology at the Fondazione Santa Lucia in Rome, Italy (Research Director, head of the Gait and Posture laboratory). He is a board member of ISPGR and an editor of a few journals.